Korean Institute of Surface Engineering

pISSN : 1225-8024 | eISSN : 3399-8403


한국표면공학회지 (16권4호 199-214)

연구논문 초록(1967~1978)



Up to this date, numerous methods of analysis of electroplating solutions are published. Some, however, need lots of works before reaching final results, or require high technique and special instruments, and also some are unaccurate due to unclearnes of end point. Like our undevelope countries, technicians of electoplating shops are most high school gradutes or under, and have not much knowledge on chemistry. Furthermore, those technicians have to control their plating solutions by themselves without having enough analytical laboratory equiIJment. Therefore, in this paper the simplest, besides accurate method is investigated after comparing nu.merous methods published. Among the methods of `copper determinations from acid and alkaline copper plating baths, EDT A titration method are chosen, due to these methods are the simplest and fastest for the evaluation of metal content, without requiring any special instrument. For acid copper solutions, chelate titrations were accurate enough. Since the end point of titration of chelate method is variable according to the kind of .indicators androther metal`s coexsistence as well as solution comIJonent, many difficulties were encountered from cyanide` copper, on the contrary of acid copper bath. PAN, PV, and MX indicators were tried, but it is found that MX is the best. In cyanide solution, due to cyanide is the masking reagent, elimination of this component is essential, and finally found that elimination eN- by precipitation with AgN03 solution was the simplest and the most accurate way among others. This method was very accurate for the new plating solutions even coexistence with organic brightners. However used solutions for long months running have to be predetermined the accurate copper value by thiosulfate method from time to time, before chelate titration by means of AgN03 precipitation. Always some constant deviatioJ;ls will be seen according to the solutions nature. Therefore those deviation values have to be compensated each time.